Friday, February 7, 2020
Crisis management japan earthquake - Assignment Example The effect of this earthquake was felt in Tokyo that is 300 miles away from the place of the crisis. There were no damages reported after this crisis. The major reason for this is because it was far off the coast. In this section, we are going to focus on the social media. In this era of technology, the social media can be used to manage a crisis or even to make the crisis worse than it already is. Whenever one is dealing with a crisis, there is need to come up with a disaster management team that will look into the possible ways to quell the effects of the crisis. In the 2013 Japan Earthquake among the modes used to reach out to the people was through the social media. Firstly, in the 2013 Japan earthquake, the social media was used to inform the world about the crisis. The social media was used as one of the communication channels used to deal with the crisis. There are people who could not watch the news but with their mobile gadgets, they followed up the whole incidence from wherever they were. The social media was also used to warn people against staying in the areas that had been affected by the crisis. This information was important as a precautionary measure incase another disaster was triggered by the earthquake. The survivors of the disaster also used the social media to tell their experiences during the crisis. The social media was also used to pass messages of encouragement to the victims of the crisis. Through the social media, those people who had to relocate to higher grounds got the assistance from the donations that the social media users raised. As stated above, the social media can be for the good of a crisis as well as an avenue for more disaster. Through face book sharing and re-tweeting options, people who would have been helped were not helped. It came to the attention of the authorities that it was not possible to locate the source of the information. In future it is important that
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Currency and Thai Baht Essay Assessing Future Exchange Rate Movements 1. How are percentage changes in a currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value measured? Illustrate your answer numerically by assuming a change in the Thai bahtÃ¢â¬â¢s value from a value of $0.022 to $0.026. ANSWER: The percentage change in a currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value is measured as follows: where S denotes the spot rate, and St Ã¢Ëâ1 denotes the spot rate as of the earlier date. A positive percentage change represents appreciation of the foreign currency, while a negative percentage change represents depreciation. In the example provided, the percentage change in the Thai baht would be: That is, the baht would be expected to appreciate by 18.18%. 2. What are the basic factors that determine the value of a currency? In equilibrium, what is the relationship between these factors? ANSWER: The basic factors that determine the value of a currency are the supply of the currency for sale and the demand for the currency. A high level of supply of a currency generally decreases the currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value, while a high level of demand for a currency increases its value. In equilibrium, the supply of the currency equals the demand for the currency. 3. How might the relatively high levels of inflation and interest rates have affected the bahtÃ¢â¬â¢s value? (Assume a constant level of U.S. inflation and interest rates.) ANSWER: The baht would be affected both by inflation levels and interest rates in Thailand relative to levels of these variables in the U.S. A high level of inflation tends to result in currency depreciation, as it would increase the Thai demand for U.S. goods , causing an increase in the Thai demand for dollars. Furthermore, a relatively high level of Thai inflation would reduce the U.S. demand for Thai goods, causing an increase in the supply of baht for sale. Conversely, the high level of interest rates in Thailand may cause appreciation of the baht relative to the dollar. A relatively high level of interest rates in Thailand would have rendered investments there more attractive for U.S. investors, causing an increase in the demand for baht. Furthermore, U.S. securities would have been less attractive to Thai investors, causing an increase in the supply of dollars for sale. However, investors might be unwilling to invest in baht-denominated securities if they are concerned about the potential depreciation of the baht that could result from ThailandÃ¢â¬â¢s inflation. 4. How do you think the loss of confidence in the Thai baht, evidenced by the withdrawal of funds from Thailand, affected the bahtÃ¢â¬â¢s value? Would Blades be affected by the change in value, given the primary Thai customerÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment? ANSWER: In general, a depreciation in the foreign currency results when investors liquidate their investments in the foreign currency, increasing the supply of its currency for sale. Blades would probably be affected by the change in value even though its Thai customerÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment, as the sales are denominated in baht. Thus, the depreciation in the baht would have caused a conversion of the baht revenue into fewer U.S. dollars. 5. Assume that ThailandÃ¢â¬â¢s central bank wishes to prevent a withdrawal of funds from its country in order to prevent further changes in the currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value. How could it accomplish this objective using interest rates? ANSWER: If ThailandÃ¢â¬â¢s central bank wishes to prevent further depreciation in the bahtÃ¢â¬â¢s value, it would attempt to increase the level of interest rates in Thailand. In turn, this would increase the demand for Thai baht by U.S. investors, as Thai securities would now seem more attractive. This would place upward pressure on the currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value. However, the high interest rates could reduce local borrowing and spending. 6. Construct a spreadsheet illustrating the steps BladesÃ¢â¬â¢ treasurer would need to follow in order to speculate on expected movements in the bahtÃ¢â¬â¢s value over the next 30 days. Also show the speculative profit (in dollars) resulting from each scenario. Use both of Ben HoltÃ¢â¬â¢s examples to illustrate possible speculation. Assume that Blades can borrow either $10 million or the baht equivalent of this amount. Furthermore, assume that the following short-term interest rates (annualized) are available to Blades: Currency Dollars Thai baht Lending Rate 8.10% 14.80% Borrowing Rate 8.20% 15.40% ANSWER: Depreciation of the Baht from $0.022 to $0.020 1. Borrow Thai baht ($10,000,000/0.022) 2. Convert the Thai baht to dollars ($454,545,454.50 million Ãâ" $0.022). 3. Lend the dollars at 8.10% annualized, which represents a 0.68% return over the 30-day period [computed as 8.10% Ãâ"(30/360)]. After 30 days, Blades would receive ($10,000,000 Ãâ" (1 + .0068)) 4. Use the proceeds of the dollar loan repayment (on Day 30) to repay the baht borrowed. The annual interest on the baht borrowed is 15.40%, or 1.28% over the 30-day period [computed as 15.40% Ãâ"(30/360)]. The total baht amount necessary to repay the loan is therefore (454,545,454.50 Ãâ"(1 + .0128)) 454,545,454.50 10,000,000.00 10,068,000.00 460,363,636.40 5. Number of dollars necessary to repay baht loan ($THB460,363,636.40 Ãâ" $0.02) 6. Speculative profit ($10,068,000 Ã¢â¬â $9,207,272.73) 9,207,272.73 860,727.27 Appreciation of the Baht from $0.022 to $0.025 1. Borrow dollars. 2. Convert the dollars to Thai baht ($10 million/$0.022). 3. Lend the baht at 14.80% annualized, which represents a 1.23% return over the 30-day period [computed as 14.80% Ãâ"(30/360)]. After 30 days, Blades would receive (THB454,545,454.50 Ãâ" (1 + .0123)) 4. Use the proceeds of the baht loan repayment (on Day 30) to repay the dollars borrowed. The annual interest on the dollars borrowed is 8.20%, or 0.68% over the 30-day period [computed as 8.20% Ãâ" (30/360)]. The total dollar amount necessary to repay the loan is therefore ($10,000,000 Ãâ"(1 + .0068)) 5. Number of baht necessary to repay dollar loan ($10,068,000.00/$0.025) 6. Speculative profit (THB460,136,363.60 Ã¢â¬â THB402,720,000.00) 7. Dollar equivalent of speculative profit (THB57,416,363.60 Ãâ"$0.025) 10,000,000.00 454,545,454.50 460,136,363.60 10,068,000.00 402,720,000.00 57,416,363.60 1,435,409.09
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
EDUCATION IN TURKEY Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Education is the act or process of providing knowledge skills or competence by a formal course of instruction or training. Through out history societies have sought to educate their people to produce goods and services, to respond effectively and creatively to their world, and to satisfy their curiosity and aesthetic impulses. To achieve reliable knowledge and to think systematically. Over the course of human history education has appeared in many forms, both formalised and informal. Major thinkers have always recognised the educational value of intellectual exploration and of concrete experimentation. Most societies have attempted to standardise the behaviour of their members. These societies have apprenticeship systems by which the young have learned to imitate the beliefs and behaviours of a given group. Teachers have worked within schools of thought cults, monasteries and other types of organisations to shape desired convictions, knowledge and behaviour. Such philosophical and religious leaders as the Budha, Confucius, Pythagoras, Jesus, Moses, Muhammad and Karl Marx instructed their disciplines through informal education. Turkish State and Turkish Society give great importance to the education since the Turkish Republic was established in 1923. The fall of Ottoman Empire at the end of the first world war and the foundation of the republic after the successful conclusion of the war of independence are two important factors which have made the existence of the new Turkish Society possible. The great desire of this society which is adopted in the social and economic fields to the general life conditions of western civilisations is to work for the benefit of mankind while enjoying all the privileges of civilised life within the family of Nations. In order to reach this goal, it has above all been necessary to establish an educational system in all its stages in such a way as to diffuse its light to all classes of the population. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Bases of the Turkish Education leans to the last years of the Ottoman Empire. The road towards modern education was charted by Selim III and Mahmud II and was followed with accelerated speed by their successors. In the 1876 constitution, educational reforms had been mentioned for the first time Ã¢â¬ËFor education continued to be regarded as the necessary foundation for the reorganization of the empire and the creation of a cadre of new leaders to maintain itÃ¢â¬â¢ As one contemproary writer put it Ã¢â¬ËThe solution of the Ã¢â¬Ësick manÃ¢â¬â¢ was not through extemination but through educationÃ¢â¬â¢. Education In Turkey :: essays research papers fc EDUCATION IN TURKEY Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Education is the act or process of providing knowledge skills or competence by a formal course of instruction or training. Through out history societies have sought to educate their people to produce goods and services, to respond effectively and creatively to their world, and to satisfy their curiosity and aesthetic impulses. To achieve reliable knowledge and to think systematically. Over the course of human history education has appeared in many forms, both formalised and informal. Major thinkers have always recognised the educational value of intellectual exploration and of concrete experimentation. Most societies have attempted to standardise the behaviour of their members. These societies have apprenticeship systems by which the young have learned to imitate the beliefs and behaviours of a given group. Teachers have worked within schools of thought cults, monasteries and other types of organisations to shape desired convictions, knowledge and behaviour. Such philosophical and religious leaders as the Budha, Confucius, Pythagoras, Jesus, Moses, Muhammad and Karl Marx instructed their disciplines through informal education. Turkish State and Turkish Society give great importance to the education since the Turkish Republic was established in 1923. The fall of Ottoman Empire at the end of the first world war and the foundation of the republic after the successful conclusion of the war of independence are two important factors which have made the existence of the new Turkish Society possible. The great desire of this society which is adopted in the social and economic fields to the general life conditions of western civilisations is to work for the benefit of mankind while enjoying all the privileges of civilised life within the family of Nations. In order to reach this goal, it has above all been necessary to establish an educational system in all its stages in such a way as to diffuse its light to all classes of the population. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Bases of the Turkish Education leans to the last years of the Ottoman Empire. The road towards modern education was charted by Selim III and Mahmud II and was followed with accelerated speed by their successors. In the 1876 constitution, educational reforms had been mentioned for the first time Ã¢â¬ËFor education continued to be regarded as the necessary foundation for the reorganization of the empire and the creation of a cadre of new leaders to maintain itÃ¢â¬â¢ As one contemproary writer put it Ã¢â¬ËThe solution of the Ã¢â¬Ësick manÃ¢â¬â¢ was not through extemination but through educationÃ¢â¬â¢.
Monday, January 13, 2020
A lot of leisurely items to date have been somewhat remodeled or refashioned into something that is more cost-friendly for consumers. These are counterfeited items, more popularly known as Ã¢â¬Å"piratedÃ¢â¬ goods, which are illegal, as authorities would suggest. However, there are a growing number of consumers for pirated goods, especially in developing or underdeveloped countries; even developed countries have their share of consumers of pirated goods. In the fashion industry, most apparels (e.g., T-shirts, pants, blouses, etc.) and textiles are apparently being produced in many developing countriesÃ¢â¬âsome underdevelopedÃ¢â¬âas the multinational conglomerates believe that labor is cheaper in these places. These countries, in turn, have benefited from the decision of many multinational conglomerates: Ã¢â¬Å"The clear winners given all of these industry trends are China and India with their long history in textiles, Pakistan with its current capacity for textile productionÃ¢â¬ (Mead 423). With the production of apparels and textiles shifting from the developed regions like the United States and Europe to underdeveloped or developing countries, it would be so hard to assume that the occurrence of counterfeiting these products will be low. The consumers that could not seem to afford the expensive prices of high-end brands would generally resort to replicas of the same high-end brands. However, all of these multinational apparel-producing industries abhor the existence of pirated versions of their products, bidding for these Ã¢â¬Å"copycatsÃ¢â¬ to be divulged and incarcerated. As a common thing on a global scale, stopping fashion counterfeiting could cause another economic downturn but its proliferation could lead to severe job cutting by companies that believe that they are losing money. The overseas production of the various apparels of American and European brands could be the best opportunity for Ã¢â¬Å"piratesÃ¢â¬ as these products are exposed and minimally guarded. Usually, people would assume that these pirates operate undergroundÃ¢â¬âsome controlled by syndicates or any organized group. However, it could also be certain that some of these pirates work from inside the textile or apparel factories. After all, it can produce a better replica of the product. Such acts are despised by the multinational corporations as it breaches trade policies and laws as well as patent, copyright, and license laws. However, the existence of pirated goods prompts consumers to spend more as these products are considerably cheaper than the seemingly overpriced originals. It is believed that producers of pirated goods work underground under a syndicate or some organized group. However, these pirated goods are sometimes sold out in the open for people to see, as in the case of some developing (e.g. India and China) and underdeveloped (e.g. Philippines and Thailand) nations, and in some developed countriesÃ¢â¬âalthough, rarely do these exchanges happen under the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s watchful eye. The preconceived notion that consumers coming from developed countries abhor the consumption of pirated goods has been proved false. The following is an example from an article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Consumption of Counterfeit Goods: Ã¢â¬ËHere Be Pirates?Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ which proves that consumers can also come from developed countries: Ã¢â¬Å"In France, the most common counterfeit products confiscated are shoes, representing 21 per cent of items, followed by clothes and watches; In Germany, clothes account for 90 per cent of impounded fakesÃ¢â¬ (Wischermann qtd. in Rutter and Bryce 1155). As unbelievable as it may seem, these circumstances can occur even in developed countries like the United States and European nations. However, the consumption of such products should not be regarded as a crime, or such products must not be confiscated from the owner. Even though it is a pirated good, it was still his or her money that purchased the good. Buying pirated goods does not also necessarily point out as a support for pirated goods nor does it entail any political ideology like an anti-capitalist movement against the multinational brands and their seemingly overpriced goods. Fashion Counterfeiting is considered a battle between the multinational capitalist companies that aim to make another hundred million or billion in sales and the pirates or syndicates that wanted to make money especially during a global economic crisis. It is an epic battle indeed, but which of the two started it? The trail from its origin does not seem too far off. Counterfeiting is an old trade that dates back as early as Ancient Rome (Rutter and Bryce 1147). As ancient as it may be, the act has been considered illegal through international trade policies and copyright laws that it seemed to breach. The cause that promoted the pirating of known fashion brands was the decision of these international apparel companies to build more factories overseas for cheap labor. Labor from the developing and underdeveloped countries attracted these multinational companies because it was cheap: Ã¢â¬Å"this drove down the price of labor around the world as firms relocated operations to China (soon, South Asia as well) because labor is cheaperÃ¢â¬ (Mead 419). This move resulted in the rebirth of an age-old illegal practiceÃ¢â¬âonly this time, it covered and affected the fashion industry. Syndicates and other organized group exploited the existence of factories in these areasÃ¢â¬âespecially that they live under the Ã¢â¬Å"developing-nation state.Ã¢â¬ Then the process moved onto other parts of the region, usually in places where such prohibiting laws were rarely applied. Thus, the ones at fault were the multinational companies themselves as they gave an opportunity for these pirates to replicate their products. However, sometimes, their presence is not a cause for promoting this kind of piracy. The products can be bought by the pirates themselvesÃ¢â¬âusually they do have the moneyÃ¢â¬âfrom legitimate stores and replicate these after analyzing the products. After all, fashion counterfeiting is simpler than that of software (music, games, programs, albums, videos) piracy. Whichever the case, the reason behind the existence of such products in the market is its affordability since its original counterparts are way more expensive. The production of these pirated apparels will continue as long as someone would consume them. However, is the piracy of these apparelsÃ¢â¬âsome of which people really do needÃ¢â¬âreally a problem, especially with the world experiencing another global economic downturn? What happens to those who cannot afford the legitimate and original apparels? It seems they would have to walk around naked or in shabby clothing, or even resort to tailoring their own clothes.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
How does Foucault rebut FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s repression hypothesis? In the history of philosophy, many philosophers discuss the repression, however FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s and FoucaultÃ¢â¬â¢s repression hypothesis are widely remains under the debate. Repression has psychological connection and it an attempt of a person in which he repels his desires towards pleasurable instincts by excluding the oneÃ¢â¬â¢s conscious desire and holds it in the unconscious. As if the writer said, Ã¢â¬Å"Psychologically it is fully justified in beginning by censuring any manifestations of the sexual life of children, for there would be no prospect of curbing the sexual desires of adults if the ground had not been prepared for it in childhoodÃ¢â¬ (Freud, 1929, p. 21). It is believed that repression caused various mental sicknesses and it influences the psyche of an individual (Yeng, 2010). Sexual repression can be defined as a state in which an individual is prohibited to express sexual desires. It is often linked to the feelings of shame, guilt or being connected with the sexual impulses. The sexual repression constitutes are subjectively vary in different culture and different moral systems. Especially most of the religions accused of fostering sexual repression. In the debate about the sexual repression various term are used such as homosexuality. In some cultures it is consider as violent practices and it is also associated as an irrespective or killing act to regulate sexual behaviour. The debate about the repression has always beenShow MoreRelated Language, Power and Discourse of Sexuality: The case of Governor McGreevey1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLanguage, Power and Discourse of Sexuality Foucault asks What are the links between these discourses, these effects of power, and the pleasures that were invested by them? (Foucault, 11). In the case of New Jersey governor it seems clear that power, language and pleasure were very much related in his speech on August 13, 2004, in which he announced his resignation, that he had had an affair with a man, and that he was a gay American. A man in a position of power was both given power andRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagesmanaging, organizing and reflecting on both formal and informal structures, and in this respect you will find this book timely, interesting and valuable. Peter Holdt Christensen, Associate Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark McAuley et al.Ã¢â¬â¢s book is thought-provoking, witty and highly relevant for understanding contemporary organizational dilemmas. The book engages in an imaginative way with a wealth of organizational concepts and theories as well as provides insight ful examples from the
Friday, December 27, 2019
In the world today one of the fundamental services that are required for daily living is energy. It therefore goes without saying that human beings have to engage themselves in whichever means possible to ensure that there is a sufficient and affordable energy necessary for supporting life most especially on the side of economic growth and development. Fossils forms a major source of energy, most especially oil, and this has been literally referred to as the motor of the world. In an effort to reduce dependence on Middle East and other countries for oil and gas, U.S has heavily invested in other forms of energy extraction from the core of the earth through a process that has come to be referred as fracking. Fracking is a short term that is used to refer to hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing is a form of technology that is being used to unlock vast quantities of natural gas from shale beds. In America, shale gas covers a quarter of all gas production and it is projected that in coming decades, shale gas is most likely to have a market share of more than a half. The major advantage of fracking is that it is a cheaper way of mining natural gas and this therefore means a relatively cheap retail price (In Hester In Harrison, 2015). Cheap energy has in turn boosted AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s petrochemical industry, provided job opportunities, created other energy intensive businesses, lowered electricity bills, and has significantly reduced the amount of carbon emission released to theShow MoreRelatedHydraulic Fracking And Its Effects On The Nation Of The United States1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto as Ã¢â¬Å"frackingÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"hydrofracking.Ã¢â¬ It is a generally new technique for oil and gas extraction. Basically for shale gas and tight oil, including cracking of rock by a pressurized fluid. Even penetrating takes into account the infusion of very pressurized fracking liquids into shale rock layers profound inside the earth. After a well is drilled, it is c ased with bond trying to guarantee groundwater security and the shale is using pressurized water broke with water, chemicals, sand and other frackingRead MoreThe Pros and Cons of Fracking Essay1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesover other countries as well as the global economy. This is why hydraulic fracturing is currently such an important and controversial topic in the United States. Hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as fracking or hydrofracturing, is the process of using pressurized liquids to fracture rocks and release hydrocarbons such as shale gas, which burns more efficiently than coal. This booming process of energy production provides a much needed economic boost, creating jobs and providing gas energyRead MoreThe Effects Of Hydraulic Fracturing On The American Economy1398 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeneficial to the American economy. While beneficial, it has proven to be very harmful. As studies show, fracturing is using an absurd amount of water to complete these wells. Not o nly is the amount of water usage detrimental to our water supply, but oil companies are showing no signs of slowing down. On top of the high water usage, fracturing is physically crippling our environment with the injected fluids. With over 600 different types of chemicals added into the water mixture, how sure can we beRead MoreHydraulic Fracturing And Its Effects On The Environment1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontamination than any other method of oil extraction, which is contrary to popular belief. There have been many useful regulations that turned a once feared industry to an environmentally safe, highly profitable industry. Hydraulic Fracturing is worth the risks it poses on the environment, because it will bolster the U.S. economy and foreign policy, provide billions of Petroleum barrels and trillions of square feet of natural gas, and it is not as harmful to the environment as other forms of oil and naturalRead MoreFracking : A Better World Essay1289 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa b etter world. To others, a better world is to create a habitat that can sustain our population and basic needs for a healthy lifestyle. One such advancement made in recent years that has brought forth an economic boon was the introduction of hydraulic fracturing Ã¢â¬â commonly referred to as fracking. With the use of coal being regulated by the US government, regions in the Midwest United States sought a new way to remain prosperous, and fracking was their liberator. Countries around the world seekRead MoreHydraulic Fracturing And Its Effects1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswould only happen in a country that was not very developed. However, situations like this one are plausible in America, partially due to hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing is a process which began in the late 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s as an experiment and has since expanded into a global method to efficiently extract natural gases. It has led to various economic benefits, including job creation and has lessened the economic dependence of the United States on foreign countries for oil consumption. Despite thisRead MoreFracking Essay1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Result of Fracking on the Natural Gas Industry Introduction Hydraulic fracturing otherwise known as fracking has flooded the market with cheap and reliable natural gas to the exportation and power production markets all while being limited by logistics. Emspak, J. (2014, August 12) shows that natural gas production by fracking has expanded gas production by 32 times the amount in 2008. This lowered the cost 40% over that span of time. The demand for clean cost efficient power production shiftedRead MoreIs Fracking A Natural Gas?2865 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesof natural gas and oil, brining about the dynamic job opportunities and economic growth which affects other industries apart from natural gas and oil field. As a superpower of energy, the United States can make good use of its rich resources with the correct policies and build a bright future for Americans and reduce energy-caused risks globally (Mark Green, 2014). 1.1 Environmental aspect As fracking is a good process of drilling natural gas, there must be questions like, Ã¢â¬Å"Is natural gas alternativeRead MoreFracking : Fracking, Or Fracking?2187 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHydraulic fracturing, or fracking, has been a hot topic in recent times due to its controversial ways. Many people argue that it is a way for the United States to become less dependent on foreign oil, while others argue that the environmental cons outweigh the pros of fracking. Fracking is the process of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling into the earth. This is done by injecting water, sand, and chemicals into a bedrock formation by a well (Ã¢â¬Å"Hydraulic FrackingÃ¢â¬ ). By doing this, theRead MoreOpec Organization Of The Petroleum Exporting Countries977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPetroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC was established in 1961 with 5 countries. Since then, it has expanded to 12 countries: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. As technology improves and the production of oil and natural gas fluctuates, changes in the economy will occur and create tensions and conflicts, as well as opportunities. Because of OPEC s impact on the global economy for natural gas and oil, the strengthening
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Challenges of Business in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s World Abstract This paper will describe the challenges associated with newly formed enterprises, the viability of niche products being introduced into bigger markets and the impact that they entail, and also discuss the reasoning behind consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s fascination with exclusivity. Six examples companies will be provided to explain how these factors worked into their success. Challenges of Business in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Economy Identify at least three challenges when setting up a business. Explain why they are challenges. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s credit crunch global economy many entrepreneurs are faced with the daunting tasks of not only finding the necessary resources to produce their products, but the funding and crucialÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This type of financing also hinders an entrepreneurÃ¢â¬â¢s ability for expansive growth in the beginning stages, thus creating a restricted consumer base. Establishing Structure of A Business Another hurdle in starting a business is deciding what type of structure an individual would want to run it under. The legality issues, involving debt liabilities and the taxation of profits can provide even the savviest entrepreneur with unwanted nuisances. Without the proper structure, not only could a business owner receive civil liability from the IRS but criminal actions could be taken as well. Knowing exactly what guidelines constitute for each entity available is vital for a business to survive. (Structure) For example, a limited liability allows a proprietor to report profits and losses on their personal income tax return, while under a corporation they cannot. Having legal input will help tremendously in reducing the risk, but any owner should be aware of the entity laws within their state as well. After a businessperson establishes the corporate structure of how their business will run, the next barrier would be the hiring of staff to keep the business running. Many entrepreneurÃ¢â¬â¢s in the beginning stages choose the most cost effective, stable form of staff; doing most of the work for themselves. However for the others, the business is just simply too large for one to handle. This is the instance where an ownerShow MoreRelatedThe Role Of Management During The 21st Century : Challenges And Opportunities1080 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe role of Management in the 21st century: Challenges and Opportunities The development in management studies has flourished largely; it is with no doubt that the internet and information technologies have caused this major development. On one hand, the classic management practices became less effective in organisations. On the other hand, the effects of the global economy have introduced new management concepts that shape the world business activities. Historically, the industrial revolutionRead MoreEssay Entrepreneurship1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDescribe the term Entrepreneurship and the challenges of starting a small business Entrepreneurship is the dream of a lifetime for most individuals. The idea of being in control on ones financial future by establishing, owning, and operating their own business has driven most individuals in the direction of Sole Proprietorships. Most plunge in looking at the advantage and over looking the disadvantage and challenges of Sole Proprietorships. This first challenge that one might face on the road to EntrepreneurshipRead MoreCultural Influence on International Businesses1462 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinternational business circles. Managers today will need special skills in order to meet these challenges. Language differences, culture awareness, and management skills are necessary for success. These challenges often lead to a debate in which is better for a company, expatriate or foreign national workers. There are pros and cons to the use of each, but it will depend on several factors to which managers will be better suited for the challenge of dealing with cultural differences. Business accomplishmentsRead MoreThe Evolution Of Management Studies1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesextended responsibilities. On the other side, the complexity of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s business issues such as the dynamic changes in economic, politics and social challenges require managers to react and respond promptly. This essay will consider different views with respect to the challenges of modern management as well as the opportunities that management role could inspire in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s businesses aspects. The first and an important point in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s management issues is that the decision making process as it isRead MoreThe New Virtual Office Environment1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Often time people find themselves working at odd hours of the day or night in order to connect with their teams around the globe. 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Technology and communication have a history that dates back to the first telegraph machines toRead MoreThe Role Of The Executive Information Officer1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract With the world of information technology rapidly changing allowing for many opportunities for organisation to take advantage of, as well as the risks associated with falling behind the importance of finding the right person to fit the role of the CIO is becoming more critical to the business success. The CIO is much more than it used to be where previously it was seen merely as the person to be in charge of the tactical IT infrastructure, to the significant role it plays today where the